The water supply in most cities around South Africa contains chlorine, fluoride, and varying amounts of dissolved minerals including calcium, magnesium, sodium, chlorides, sulfates, and bicarbonates. Traces of manganese, iron, aluminum, nitrates, insecticides, and herbicides were also found in water tested. Prescription medications was also a concerning factor found in the tap water. According to ENCA research conducted pharmaceuticals found in water including antibiotics, anticonvulsants and mood stabilizers in the municipal water supplies. The South African Government does not require any testing for drugs in the water supplies; nor does it set safety limits for drug contamination. It will be decades before we know the long-term effects of ingesting random prescription drugs.
Chlorine

Chlorine in the form of chlorine dioxide/sodium hypochlorite is used as a disinfectant for South Africa municipal water supply. This way of Disinfection is a cheap way to treat the water and not a safe way. Adding chlorine limits the accountability of the government which regulates public water, because the side-effects of their chlorine disinfection are difficult to trace and occur only after extensive long-term use. It would be easy for people to prove that they became ill from drinking non-disinfected water by simply testing the contaminated water for live pathogens, but it is much more difficult to prove that their heart disease or cancer was created by chlorine by-products after twenty years of consuming them. Chlorine is used to satisfy certain priorities, whereby saving money is a much higher priority than long-term public health.
The use of chlorine began in the 1900s when the long-term effects of consuming chlorine were unknown, but there are no excuses in this day and age that could be used to justify forcing the South Africans into drinking chlorine water. It is not unusual to find chlorine in tap water at such a high level as in swimming pools. A simple chlorine test kit from a local retailer will typically yield surprising results.

The issue with chlorine is its tendency to neutralize oxygen. Once consumed, it has an oxygen-depleting effect, and this can change the body’s pH to become acidic. These side effects can be disruptive to a person’s immune system, which can lead to potential infections, this causes the human body to be much more prone to suffer from allergy symptoms. The difference between pure water and chemically-altered tap water is literally the difference between natural rain and acid rain.

The substantial risk with chlorine products, such as chlorine dioxide, does not come from the chlorine itself, but from its hazardous by-products that are known as trihalomethanes (THM’s). These are produced whenever chlorine contacts organic proteins. An example of a THM is chloroform, a proven cancer-causing agent. Animal studies have consistently shown an association between THM’s and cancers of the liver and kidneys. Chlorine and THM’s are strong contributing factors in creating colon and bladder cancers, as well as diabetes, kidney stones, and heart attacks.
Chlorine has been known to cause worsen respiratory problems, including asthma and pneumonia. Chlorine weakens the immune system upon ingestion. Chlorine causes magnesium deficiencies, which can cause migraine headaches, high blood pressure, chemical sensitivities, and in severe cases, sudden death according to Mark J. Eisenberg, M.D. (especially when it is combined with MSG). Chlorine also decreases the absorption of calcium while increasing its excretion, and the excretion of phosphorus. This increased loss of calcium into the urine can lead to bone-related problems including osteoporosis. Chlorine is known to cause to irritate the skin, the eyes, and the respiratory system.

“Chlorine is the greatest crippler and killer of modern times. While it prevented epidemics of one disease, it was creating another. Two decades ago, after the start of chlorinating our drinking water in 1904, the present epidemic of heart trouble, cancer and senility began.”
— Dr. Joseph M. Price

Dioxins are a by-product of the chlorination procedure, and they are known for causing cancers, endometriosis, and neurological damage. Dioxins are present in municipal water as a result of the chlorine dioxide.

Fluoride

It had been justified with claims which fluoride produces dental health advantages, even though there’s not been proof that ingestion of it’s beneficial. Only topical applications of fluoride have shown to strengthen teeth. On the other hand, there’s overwhelming evidence suggesting that ingested fluoride is a bioaccumulative poison that attacks the body systematically, including the teeth. These facts were known long before fluoride was added to regular water.

“The majority of dental fluorosis sufferers in South Africa live in rural areas. These people use untreated surface and groundwater as sources for drinking water. Groundwater is obtained from springs, wells, and boreholes. The value of groundwater represents a strategic component of the water resources in South Africa It occurs widely. Geographically, almost two-thirds of South Africa’s population depends on it for their domestic water needs (DWAF, 1997). Different studies have shown that the occurrence of dental fluorosis in the majority of cases in South Africa is related to the fluoride content of groundwater used for drinking purposes. (McCaffery, 1993; Fayazi, 1994; Du Plessis, 1995; WRC, 2001). Source: https://repository.up.ac.za/bitstream/handle/2263/26112/dissertation.pdf?sequence=1

“If this stuff gets out into the air, it’s a pollutant; if it gets into the river, it’s a pollutant; if it gets into the lake, it’s a pollutant; but if it goes right into your drinking water system, it’s not a pollutant. That’s amazing…”
— Dr. J. William Hirzy, E.P.A.

The E.P.A. classifies fluoride as a toxic waste product from aluminum processing, uranium processing, and fertilizer manufacture; but they nonetheless allow it to be added directly into the water for human consumption. Instead of the pharmaceutical grade fluoride that is used in toothpaste, it is this left-over industrial waste that is added to water supplies.
Fluorine gas is what eradicated the dinosaurs after a major volcanic eruption filled the Earth’s atmosphere with it. However, our regulators are okay with fluoride lacing the public water supplies, and with it being used in infant formulas for babies who are much more susceptible, and who do not even have teeth. Aside from being placed in our toothpaste and various fluoride ‘supplements’, sodium fluoride is the main ingredient of rat poisons. It is also used in pesticides, insecticides, and fungicides.

Different forms of fluoride have a cumulative effect on the body. Every time a person drinks water with fluoride, consume contaminated produce (produce grown with high-phosphate fertilizers), eats processed foods, or brushes his teeth with fluoridated toothpaste, he is adding to his body’s toxic reserves. Even without swallowing any toothpaste, his mouth will absorb up to 1 mg. of fluoride per brushing — directly into the bloodstream through skin absorption.

Here is some of that history. The top scientist who oversaw the Newburgh Experiment, and the leading voice promoting water fluoridation as safe was Dr. Harold Hodge. Dr. Hodge is still regarded as “the dean” of the science of toxicology in the United States. While selling the use of fluoride for children, he was simultaneously head of the Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology for the Manhattan Project. He was charged with protecting the government from worker and community lawsuits for fluoride exposure since fluoride was a byproduct of uranium enrichment. Marketing that fluoride was safe in low doses was the Manhattan Project’s official policy to reduce the risk of lawsuits against the atomic bomb program. Current fluoride policy is the result of that deceptive marketing. People now believe that it is safe enough to drink.

“If I were to name one element or chemical compound that would represent the ‘Bane of Mans existence on Earth’ it would be fluorine or fluoride. Fluorine has caused huge problems for man since the beginning of time due to volcanic events on Earth. Fluorine or Hydrogen Fluoride released from volcanic events or even meteor terminal events is the principle effect for extinction events on this planet… Rising levels of fluoride are directly connected to disruption of enzymes necessary for cell repair (glutathione particularly) and fluoride prevents the removal of toxic metals from the human body. The effect results in the rise of lead, mercury, and other toxic metals in children that impair their I.Q. and long term health. In the elderly, it hastens the onset of gray hair because it is linked to mercury concentrations in the body. It also adds to brittle bone problems, dementia from toxic metals’ effects on the brain, and quite literally onset for immune illnesses and death. Fluoride is not a friend to children’s teeth, but a deadly cumulative poison where 98 percent of the fluoride ingested goes right to the bone of children to disrupt their health in much the same way that Sr90 from nuclear testing was feared to cause cancer in children. The remaining unabsorbed fluoride attacks the kidneys as they attempt to filter it out of the body, and excrete it through the urinary tract”.
— Jim Phelps, former Oak Ridge National Laboratory researcher

List of Negative Effects of Fluoride Ingestion
• Brittle teeth
• Brittle bone disease
• Brown, yellow, spotted and discoloured teeth
• Cancer
• Heart disease
• Arthritis
• Premature aging

All of these listed conditions are epidemic Worldwide. Fluoride has also been directly linked to osteosarcoma, a rare bone cancer. Fluoride consumption amongst young children results in reduced mental work capacity and a significantly lower I.Q. Fluoridated water effects the hormones in the body, and thus it is a leading cause of the growing infertility rates, and both underweight and premature births. Those who have any doubts about the danger level surrounding fluoride should take another look at their fluoride toothpaste label. The F.D.A. forces toothpaste companies to print the following label on all products that contain fluoride:

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